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To Kill a Mockingbird
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To Kill a Mockingbird
1. What do you learn in this chapter about Maycomb, Atticus Finch and his family?
Maycomb is a small old farm town where everyone knows everyone and their habbits and ways of their family.This town mostly that relies on cows for their way of living. Maycomb is mostly a poor town and relies on trading for goods to feed their familes. "In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalk, the courthouse sagged in the square... people moved slowly then. They ambled across the square, shuffled in and out of the stores around it , took their time about everything... There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go, nothing to buy and no money to buy it with, nothing to see outside the borders of Maycomb county".
Atticus Finch is the father of the family and worked in a courthouse as a lawyer. "Atticus's office in the courthouse contained little more than a hat rack...". From the sounds of the story Atticus wasnt a very good lawyer because his only two clients were hanged in the Maycomb County jailhouse. "...Atticus was related by blood or marriage to nearly every family in the town.
When Jem was thriteen he badly broke his arm at the elbow. He is in grade five four years older than his sister Scout, and he is the older brother. Jem is really into football and wants to try out for a team when hes older, even if he can only pass and punt.
Calpurnia is the Finch familes cook. "she was all angles and bones; she was nearsighted; she squinted; her hand was wide as a bed slat and twice as hard... i had felt her tyrannical presence as long as I could remember". Cal always won battle between her and scout because Atticus always took Cal's side.
2. What do you learn about Dill's character?
He is a very bright seven year old, who can already read. His real name is Charles Baker Harris, and he is really small. Dill came only in the summers to live with his Aunt Rachel and then go back to Merridian Mississippi. Dill was the one who gave Scout and Jem the idea to bother Boo Radley in the first place. Dill's mother worked for photographer and put his picture in a contest,won and recieved five dollars, so he spent the money on twenty other picture shows. "Dill was a curiosity. He wore blue linen shorts that buttoned to his shirt, his hair was snow white and stuck to his head like duckfluff; he was a year to my senior but i towered over him". Dill has not father, hes not dead so he must have left Dill and his mother.
3. What, briefly, has happened to Arthur “Boo” Radley?
Boo was hanging out with the wrong crowd. He gets arrested and gets locked in the courthouse basement because they didn't want him to share a cell with blacks. Then he gets released into the custody of his parents, where they keep Boo locked up in the house for more than 15 years. He stabs his father with scissors in the leg, and his mother screams out that he is killing everybody. People were convinced that he was crazy, but his parents refused to put him in an asylum, so they kept Boo contained in that house all these years.
4. Why does the Radley place fascinate Scout, Jem and Dill?
The Radley place fascinates Jem, Scout ut mostly Dill because of its mystery and danger."In spite of our warning and explanations drew him as the moon draw water, but drew him no nearer than lightpole on the corner...
There he would stand, his arm around the fat pole, staring and wondering
longer They feel that even if they step one toe on to their property, they could get seriously hurt. They also are curious about Boo and his whereabouts.“inside the house lived a malevolent phantom. People said he existed, but Jem and I had never seen him. People said he went out at night when the moon was down, and peeped in windows. When people’s azaleas froze in a cold snap, it was because he breathed on them...Radley pecans would kill you. A baseball hit into the Radley yard was a lost ball and no questions asked”.
5. What do you notice about the narrative voice and viewpoint in the novel?
At the start of the Chapter, the narrator is talking back in her past, childhood. She’s talking in first person throughout the chapter, which means it will be in first person the rest of the novel. After the first few pages it starts to go into a children’s point of view, but every so often it goes into spurts where it has referrals from the adult’s point of view. The person who’s narrating the chapters is Scout (Jean-Louise) Finch who is Jem’s younger sister.
1. Why is Scout so looking forward to starting school?
Scout is looking forward to school because she is bored and has nothing else to do after Dill
left backto live with his mother in Meridian. Also Scout has never been to school before so she has no idea what its like.
“It occurred to me that i would be starting school in a week. I never looked forward more to anything thing in my life. Hours of wintertime had found me in the treehouse, looking over at the schoolyard, spying on the multitudes of children through a two-power telescope...learning their games, secretly sharing their misfortunes and minor victories. I longed to join them”.
2. Why does Jem not want anything to do with Scout at school? Is his behaviour typical of an older child?
Jem doesnt want anything to do with Scout at school because Jem is in Grade 5 where SCouts in grade 1.
“Jem was careful to explain that during school hours I was not to bother him, I was not to approach him with requests to enact a chapter of Tarazan and the Ant Men, to embarrass him with references to his private life, or tag along behind him at recess and noon. I was to stick with the first grade and he would stick with the fifth. In short i was to leave him alone”. Jem still wanted to play games with Scout but not when he has his own friends to hang out with, because unlike at home, school was different.
When you are older than your brother or sibs you dont want to be seen with them; it makes you look unsociable and desperate.
3. What do you think of Miss Caroline Fisher as a teacher? Can you find qualities which would make her good or not so good at her job?
Miss Caroline fisher seems like a nice teacher but shes young and seems very oblivious. She strikes me as a hard worker and the type of person that really wants to make a difference but by sticking to the rules and codes of profesional teaching. Mis Caroline seemed to pick on Scout the most out of all the children in her classroom. "Before the first morning was over, Miss Caroline Fisher, our teacher, hauled me up to the front of the room and patted the palm of my hand with a rulerm then made me stand in the corner until noon". Mrs Fisher seems harsh, but in this day in age what teachers werent?
1. Who is Calpurnia? What is her place in the Finch household?
Calpurnia is the finch familys cook. She also has somewhat of a place in the family, like how they value her even though she is a slave. Whenever Cal got really mad her grammar became very bad, and when she was calm her voice and grammar wer tottaly different. "Atticus said that Calpurnia had more education than most colored folks". Atticus even says that they couldnt function their lives without her. "I've no intention of getting rid of her, now or ever. We couldn't operate a single day without Cal, have you ever thought of that? You think about how much Cal does for you, and you mind her, you hear?"
2. What is Walter Cunningham like? What does his behaviour during lunch suggest about his home life?
Walter Cunningham the son of a poor farmer, Walter Cunningham Sr. Walter seems like he is the type of boy who can carry a conversation as well as any adult. He had been held back to the first grade a couple times becasue in the spring he has to help his father in the field with the havrest so he couldnt attend school. When he pours all that molases all over his food it showed that Walter Cunningham rarely ever gets good meals like the one he recieved at lunch and that Walter never eats sweet things very often, or none at all at home.
3. What do you think of the way Atticus treats Walter?
Atticus treats Walter with great respect as an adult should, which in a way is typical of him. He asks and talks about topics Walter might be intrested in and know about so that his vistor wouldnt feel so out of place.
4. Does Scout learn anything from Walter's visit? What do you think this is?
I think Scout learns proper manners from his vist. I also think that she learned that you shouldnt make Calpurina mad or shell disipline you!
. Atticus says that you never really understand a person “until you climb into his skin and walk around in it”. What does this mean? Is it an easy thing for Scout to learn? (In the last chapter of the novel, Scout repeats this, but she changes “skin” to “shoes” - this is probably not a mistake: Harper Lee suggests that Scout cannot clearly recall exactly what Atticus said and when, but the reader can check this!)
Basically its saying that you got to look at the situation in the other persons view and see what its like for them.
6. What do you learn in this chapter about the Ewells?
They are gross, unclean misbehaving mean 1st graders. He makes mrs C cry which proves how mean he is to get a teacher to cry. The book indicates that they are human but live like animals.
1. What does Scout think of current fashions in education?
Scout doesnt like the "dewey decimal system" it seems like she thinks that its not working for her or anyone else.
2. What superstitions do the children have in connection with the Radley house?
That boo is gunna come after them if the make a game out of it.
3. Why do the children make Boo's story into a game?
Because their sick and tired of their old games they keep playing, they have enough people to play all the parts, and this game is something new to them.
4. What do they do in this game? Do you think the game is an accurate version of what happens in the Radleys' home?
They reinact what happens int he legend, down to every last detail and they add some of their own bits to it.
5. What might be the cause of the laughter from inside the house?
The inhabient of the house is laughing at the childrens game, because it amuses whoever lives there. The person there probally has no entertainment so this display was good to see.
1. Describe Miss Maudie Atkinson? How typical is she of Maycomb's women? What do the children think of her?
Miss Maudie Atkinson is an old lady who prefers to be outside and garden instead of being inside. The children like Miss Maudie Atkinson because she lets them play in her yard as long as they don't ruin her flowers. At night, Scout always joins Miss Atkinson on the porch and enjoys talking to her. She is the only person that Scout enjoys to speak to.
2. What does Miss Maudie tell Scout about Boo? How does this compare with what Scout already believes?
She tells Scout that Arthur Radley is very much alive and just stays in his home. She says that Arthur has everything he needs inside his house, and there would be no reason for him to leave because of all the rumours. Scout also told her about the legends of Boo Radley, and Miss Atkinson said, "That is three-fourths colored folks and one-fourth Stephanie Crawford." She also tells Scout that if Arthur is not crazy, he should be by now.
3. Scout claims that “Dill could tell the biggest ones ” (lies) she ever heard. Why might Dill have told such lies?
Dill tells these lies to impress Jem and Scout. Dill looks up to Jem, and enjoys playing with him. He also had a liking toward Scout.
4. What reasons does Atticus give for the children not to play the Boo Radley game? Do you think he is right? Why?
He does not want Boo Radley's stories to be entertainment for the entire neighborhood. They did not want to bother Boo, and the kids have not walked around in Boo's skin.
1. Why does Scout disapprove of Jem's and Dill's plan of looking in at one of the Radleys' windows?
Jem and Dill could get caught and get seriously hurt by the Radley's. Scout is starting to listen to Atticus and is learning empathy. She does not want Jem and Dill to disturb the Radley's because they have not been in their skin. She also knows that Atticus and the rest of the neighborhood would not approve of this.
2. What does Mr. Nathan Radley know about the intruders in his garden? Why does Miss Stephanie refer to a “negro” over whose head Mr. Nathan has fired?
Mr. Nathan Radley thinks he fired a shot in the air to scare off an African-American in his collard patch. Miss Stephanie claims that Mr. Nathan won't aim high and miss next time.
3. Why does Dill's explanation of Jem's state of dress almost land him in trouble?
Dill's explanation almost got them in trouble because kids are not supposed to be playing poker. Miss Rachel did not want the kids playing
1. When Jem tells Scout about getting his trousers back, he tells her of something strange. What is this?
That his trousers were folded and somebody had attempted to sew them up, as if they were waiting for Jem to come back.
2. Can you find any evidence that Jem is beginning to understand more than Scout about Boo Radley? What do you think this is?
Jem is starting to feel more sympathy for Boo Radley.
3. Does Jem still fear the gifts in the tree? Give reasons for your answer.
He does not fear the gifts anymore because he chewed the gum, he saves the medal and knife, and there were white carvings of them. Jem and Scout wrote a thank-you letter.
4. When the children plan to send a letter to the person who leaves the gifts, they are prevented. How does this happen? Who does it, and why might he do so? "
Mr. Nathan Radley poured concrete into the knot of the tree because he claimed the tree was sick.
1. Why does Scout quiz Atticus about his visit to the Radley house? How much does Atticus tell her?
She quizzed Atticus to find out more about Boo, and Atticus told her that Nathan Radley was there, but Boo was not.
2. What is the “near libel” which Jem puts in the front yard? How do Miss Maudie and Atticus react to it?
The "near libel" was the snowman that looked like Mr. Avery. Atticus did not like that it looked like Mr. Avery, and wanted them to disguise the snowman. Jem took Miss Maudie's sunhat and jammed her hedge-clippers into the crook of his arm, and Miss Maudie did not like that.
3. Why does Atticus save Miss Maudie's oak rocking chair?
He wanted to save the thing that was most valuable to her.
4. When Atticus asks Scout about the blanket around her shoulders, what does Jem realize?
Jem realizes that Boo Radley was behind them the entire time and had they turned around, they would have seen him.
5. Explain what Atticus means by telling Jem not to let his discovery “inspire ” him to “further glory”? Is there any reason why Jem might now do as his father says?
Atticus does not want Jem to disturb him the way him and Dill have been doing. Jem might obey his father now because he went outside and knows that he's alive.
1. How well does Atticus feel he should defend Tom Robinson? Is it usual for (white) lawyers to do their best for black clients in Alabama at this time?
Atticus is going to try hard to defend Tom because he likes blacks, but he doesnt feel that he has a change to win bacause its a black against a white, even though Tom's fighting against a Ewell, Tom is going to loose because whites are favoured.
2. Scout and Jem have “mixed feelings” about Christmas? What are these feelings and why?
They like christmas because they get presents, their Uncle Jack comes and stays with them for a week and they get to have a christmas tree, so they can decorate it. They didnt like christmas because of Aunt Alexandra and cousin Francis.
3. Uncle Jack Finch tells Scout that she is growing out of her pants. What does this mean and why might he say it?
Uncle Jack says this becasue Scout is constantly cussing and wont stop. He means that shes not a little girl anymore and those words are for grown-ups and not for little kids who dont know the meaning of most of them.
4. When Francis talks to Scout he reveals an unpleasant feature of Aunt Alexandra. What is this?
Francis said that his grandma, Jean Louises Aunt, that grandmas bad mouthing Atticus behind thier back, saying stuff like Atticus is a disgrace to the family because hes a nigger-loving lawyer and its going to ruin the family.
5. Does Scout learn anything from overhearing Atticus's conversation with Uncle Jack? What might this be?
That his threats keep her in line that he need never to lay a hand on her to displine her because she knows right from wrong. She learns that Atticus knows she tries to behave. She also learns that her father knows that shes going to have trouble
6. Read the final sentence of this chapter. Explain in your own words what it means and why it might be important in the story.
She wasn't quite sure what Atticus meant by what he said to her. Then she realizes it's all a lesson. It's important because blacks weren't treated well back then. Atticus doesn't like how they get mistreated, he isn't racist. He wants Jem and Scout to follow his lead, and treat everybody equally.
1. Scout says that “Atticus was feeble”. Do you think that this is her view as she tells the story or her view when she was younger? Does she still think this after the events recorded in this chapter?
2. In this chapter Atticus tells his children that “it's a sin to kill a mockingbird”. What reason does he give for saying this?
He tells them that killing a mockingbird is a sin because he had given Jem and Scout rifles for Christmas. He knew that sooner or later, the kids will grow tired of just shooting cans in the backyard, and would eventually hunt down birds. He tells them about this to warn them.
3. Why does Heck Tate not want to shoot Tim Johnson?
Heck Tate doesn't want to shoot Tim Johnson because you need to have amazing aim to shoot him, otherwise the bullet will go into the Radleys house, and potentially hurt one of the Radleys. He doesn't want to take the risk.
4. Near the end of this chapter Atticus cuts off Heck Tate as he is speaking to Jem. What might Heck have been about to say, and why would Atticus want to stop him from saying it?
Heck was about to tell them about Atticus' shooting past and how he is a fantastic shooter, and he cuts Heck off because Atticus doesn't want his shooting past to be an excuse for Jem and Scout to be going around shooting things.
Jem and Scout have different views about telling people at school how well Atticus can shoot. Explain this difference. Which view is closer to your own?
1. How does Atticus advise Jem to react to Mrs. Dubose's taunts?
Atticus advises Jem to hold his head up high and act like a gentlemen.
"...She's an old lady and she's ill. You just hold your head high and be a gentleman. Whatever she says to you, it's your job not to let her make you mad."
2. What does Mrs. Dubose say about the children's mother? How does Jem feel about this?
"...We were told that it was quite a pity our father had not remarried after our mother's death. A lovelier lady than our mother never lived, she said."
Jem was furious when Mrs. Dubose told them this.
3. What request does Mrs. Dubose make of Jem? Is this a fair punishment for his “crime”?
Mrs. Dubose makes Jem read to her for a month, two hours a day, every day afterschool and on Saturdays. It's fair to a point, because Jem did ruin her flowers but it could have been for less than a month. A month is a little long for the situation.
4. Explain in your own words what Atticus thinks of insults like “nigger-lover”. How far do you agree with him?
Atticus does not think much of it. He think that trashy people use this insult to make themselves feel better. He loves everybody, and tries to accept everybody equally. He isn't ashamed for what he believes in, and everybody has their own opinions and views.
I agree with what Atticus is trying to say.
5. Why, in Atticus's view, was Mrs. Dubose “a great lady”?
Atticus thinks that Mrs. Dubose because she's ill and she can't be blamed for her actions.
She does not have much to live for, so she says what she thinks to make herself better.
6. Atticus says that Mrs. Dubose is a model of real courage rather than “a man with a gun in his hand”. What does he mean? Do you think he is right?
She fought an illness and died freely. "I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It's when you know you're licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do...acording to her views, she died beholden to nothing and nobody." I think Atticus was right, everybody was their own views on bravery. Bravery and courage isnt just a man with a gun in his hand, its what motivates soliders to serve for their country, people trying new things that are scary, or conquiring you fears.
Chapters ten and eleven are the last two chapters in the first part of the book. Explain why Harper Lee chooses to end the first part here.
He ends the end of the first part here because of Mrs.Dubose dies and it also leaves the second part to trasntion into the trial easier.
1. Comment on Jem's and Scout's visit to First Purchase church.
First Purchase Church was an "ancient paint-peeled frame building, and was the only church in maycomb that had a steeple and a bell". It was called First Purchase becasue it was purchase with the money the first freed black slaves aqquired. "Negros worshiped in it on Sundays and White men gambled in it on weekdays". Jem and Scout at first had a hard time fitting in becasue Lula told them to leave, but other than that they were grately welcomed by the black community because of what their fathers doing for Tom. They were greeted by Reverend Sykes, and they learned about "linin", - where a person reads a line out of the hymm book and then the rest of the people in the Church sing that line. The Black coummity nickeled and dimed the people who attended because they were trying to raise money for Helen and her children because of Toms trial. The graves in the Cemmitary were poorly kept, but it was they barely had anything to put forth to make it better. "A few graves in the cemetery were marked with cumbling tombstones; newer ones were outlined with brightly colored glass and broken Coca-Cola bottles. Lightening rods guarded some graves denoted dead who rested uneasily; stumps of burned-out candles stood at the heads of infant graves".
2. What new things does Scout learn here about how the black people live?
Scout learns that the Black people talk differently, they talk broken english and they use rasist words towards each and another. "Again I thought her voice was strange: she was talking like the rest of them. She also learns that the Blacks didnt have any decorations in the church and couldnt afford hymm books, but most of them couldnt read, so it wouldnt do many good. "There was no sign of piano, organ, hymmbooks, church progams...". Scout also learns that the Black commity is grateful for what Atticus is doing for Tom. She learns that when a person or family in the Black Commuity is struggling that they all come together and help them, like by giving the church collection plate.
3. What does Scout learn from Calpurnia's account of Zeebo's education?
That there were no schools around, and Calpurnia taught Zeebo to read and write and Miss Maudie's aunt taught Calpurnia. She taught Calpurnia off this book called Blackstone's Commentaries. Calpurnia taught Zeebo to write by writing lines out of the Bible like she does for Scout's education.
4. Explain why Calpurnia speaks differently in the Finch household, and among her neighbours at church.
Calpurnia speaks differently at church to fit in more with her black commuinty because most blacks speak broken english and it would sound weird for Calpurina to speak proper when shes was with uneducated people; it would make her stand out and insult the others with her knowledge.
1. Why does Aunt Alexandra come to stay with Atticus and his family? What is she like?
Aunt Alexandra has come to stay with Atticus and his family to take care of Scout and Jem while Atticus is out at work defending and working on Tom's case. Aunt Alexandras also there because she wants to raise Scout and bring her up to be a lady and dress properly, teach her rules of being a lady and such.
2. Read the first two things Aunt Alexandra says when she comes to the Finch home: "
. Are these typical of her or not?
Yes, these are typical comments or remarks that come from Aunt Alexandra. She is not to fond of Calpurnia because she is black and disaproves of Cal raising Scout because she believes Scout's more or a less a failure for trying to act like a boy. Aunt Alexandra never keeps things to herself she says everything how she see's it. Her remarks can get alot meanier towards Cal and Scout because shes so discusted on how Atticus likes Cal and how "badly" Atticus is doing in raising Scout.
3. Alexandra thinks Scout is “dull” (not clever). Why does she think this, and is she right? Are all adults good at knowing how clever young people are?
Aunt Alexandra only thinks this because Scout does not have the same views as her. Alexandra is picky and likes stuff her way, so she believes that Scouts dull because she does not act like her and share the same views on life. Alexandra is wrong about Scout being dull in her eyes. Scout is intelligent smart, but is not smart about lady things and clothes and boys. This is only because Scout has not been taught about nor want to learn about these things in her life: she just wants to go on living her life as she does everyday.
4. How does Aunt Alexandra involve herself in Maycomb's social life?
Aunt Alexandra becomes a part of the commuity and acts like shes spent her whole life there. She involves herself with the Finch neighbours and strikes up conversations with them. She has people stopping by and saying hello. Alexandra also organizes teas and gatherings at the Finch household and often wants cout to join in and meet all the ladys. She also joined and became Secretary of the Maycomb Amanuensis club.
5. Comment on Aunt Alexandra's ideas about breeding and family. Why does Atticus tell them to forget it? Who is right, do you think?
Aunt Alexandra believes teh Finch family is superior because they marry their cousins to form like a supeior breed or family (like pure breed dogs). Aunt alex believes that Jem and Scout should act proper because they have a name to protect and a rep to keep up-- and should follow in the Finches footsteps. Atticus tells them to forget it probally to protect them, because Jem and Scout are still young and might not quite understand yet what he really means. Atticus also is the type of person that would believe that you should marry anyone that you please and not within the family, that proper manners and lady like qualites can be earned in one self and not breed in by your family name. I think Atticus is right. Making kids follow in the familys footsteps at a young age is not only wrong but i believe illegal. Scout and Jem are just kids, and they should not be carryin the weight of the family on their chests or even execpted to do so.
1. Comment on Atticus's
explanation of rape
. How suitable is this as an answer to Scout.
"He sighed, and said rape was carnal knowledge of a female by force and without consent". This answer is suitable for her age because it doesnt reveal to much about adult activies, and Scout is still to young to know or understand this. The way he worded it might have set Scout on a different path, one different that it should. Scout probally will find out what it means in more detail and to the full extent of her knowledge later on in the novel.
2. Why does Alexandra think Atticus should dismiss Calpurnia? How does Atticus respond to the suggestion?
Aunt Alexandra thinks Atticus should dismiss Calpurnia because they dont need her now that Alexandra is there and willing to do Calpurnias day-to-day activies maybe suggesting that she could do it better. Also i think she was being racist and did not want Calpurnia in the house, raising and mingling in with Jem and Scout, giving them the idea that they treat Blacks equal (becasue Alex doesnt, she doesnt seem to like them). Atticus replies "Alexandra, Calpurnia's not leaving this house until she wants to. You may think otherwise, but I coudn't have got along without her all these years. She's a faithful member of this family and you'll simply have to accept things the way they are. Besides sister, I don't want you working your head off for us- you've no reason to do that. We still need Cal as much as we ever did".
3. Why is Scout pleased when Jem fights her back? Why is she less pleased when he tells Atticus about Dill?
Scout is pleased Jem fought her back because this shows that their still equals. Scout can still fight Jem and he hasnt got any stronger; and that he was the same Jem as always was just growing up. Scout wants to keep Dill a secert becasue she hasnt seen him in a while and she misses him after Jem doesnt want to play her anymore. Shes not pleased becasue Jem broke the "final code of childhood". Scout and Dill are worried that the adults will send Dill immdeatly home because he came here without permisson.
4. What do we learn from Dill's account of his running away?
He Lied at first saying that his father was mean to him and they didnt include him in anything and didnt want him around, saying that his parents liked it better when dill wasnt around. Then when Dill gets into bed with Scout he confessed to Scout how his family really acts. "The thing is... they do get on a lot better without me, I can't help them any. They ain't mean. They buy me everything I want, but it's now-you've-got-it-go-play-with-it. You've got a roomful of things. I-got-you-that-book-so-go-read-it." His parents also said that "You're not a boy . Boys get out and play baseball with the other boys, they don't hang around the house worryin' their folks". Dill ran away because he had somewhere to run off to, and the means to.
1. What is the “nightmare” that now descends upon the children?
The nightmare refers to the trial and how it shall impact the children and the community. The community members dont approve of Atticus defending a black person so they show their disproval by going to Atticus's house and trying to scare him, maybe for him to back out of the trial. The trial could be brutal and the assults agasint Atticus and his children might get worse .
2. What was (and is) the Ku Klux Klan? What do you think of
Atticus's comment"The Ku Klux/'s gone. It'll never come back."
The Ku Klux Klan was and still is a group of white supremacists. In past days they most often practiced their hatred in public, usually against any unfortante black man, women or child that was near the klan. In my opinon i think Atticus comment was wrong. The Klan in still alive today in 2010 from ever since it started in around1865. Even though the Klan might be gone in Maycomb it was still brewing on the outskirts. In that day in age when it was written the 2nd string of the klan was just getting started, and numbers were dramically increasing. There might have been memebers in Maycomb or many people that believe in the Klans ways, but its too small of a town to react without someone knowing about it.
3. How does Jem react when Atticus tells him to go home, and why?
Jem refuses to do what his father told him and go home. This is out of character for Jem because Jem's growing up and has always obeyed his father no matter what the request. So now that hes in a situation where Atticus might get hurt he doesnt want to do what his father has told him, because he believes somethings up. Which was the case, Jem wanted to protect Atticus and not leave him alone to fight all those men and get hurt when Jem could have helped. He might think that this is also a grown up thing to do.
4. What persuades the lynching-party to give up their attempt on Tom's life?
They were persuaded by a 9 year old girl. Noone in the right mind could fight a kids father right infront of them, especially if they have children of their own like Walter Cuttingham Sr. Scout plays the whole innocent act and the men who where there to attack Tom give up because they also know Scout personally and dont want a child to see what they were about to do.
5. Comment on the way Scout affects events without realizing it at the time.
Because SCout is a child she doesnt realize what an impact children can have on adults when they act really innocent. Children can be really cute and it makes adults stop and think.
1. What “subtle change” does Scout notice in her father?
Atticus is starting to defend himself and his family more around Aunt Alexandra. Scout says that she was "beginning to notice a subtle change in my father these days, that came out when he talked with Aunt Alexandra. I was a quiet digging in, never outright irritation. He has alot more patience when he answers Alex, he thinks anout what hes going to say, he's starting to get use to her around and treating her like an equal.
2. What sort of person is Dolphus Raymond?
He first presents himself to be a drunk because he hides his whiskey in a paper bag so he doesnt "upset the ladies". He likes the Black community more than he likes the white. "Lives by himself way down near the country line. He's got a colored woman and all sorts of mixed chillun...he owns all one side of the riverbank.. and hes from a real old family". He never got over his wife's sucide right before their wedding so he became a drunk, i guess to cover the pain. Jem said that Mr. Dolohus is really good to his children.
3. How does Reverend Sykes help the children see and hear the trial? Is he right to do?
There were no seats left in the courthouse so Reverend took Jem and Scout up to the Bacony where the coloured people sat to view the trial. In this day in age it would be okay because the black and white ideas have come so far that we are equals and enhoy each other's company and we dont have to mind the color difference. But back then it was a terrible thing to do because they werent of their "color", the reverend could have got in trouble but becasue of Atticus defending a black man no one in the courthouse would appose because the children probally werent going to be welcome anywhere but there. It showed how thankful the blacks where to Atticus so they gave up thier front row seats for his children.
4. Comment on Judge Taylor's attitude to his job. Does he take the trial seriously or not?
Judge Taylor does not seem to take the trial seriously. He lays his feet on his desk, and talks in causal manner, but when it got done to it Judge Taylor took his job very seriously even though he gave off the impression that he was lazy and sluggish.
1. What are the main points in Heck Tate's evidence? What does Atticus show in his
Asking questions of a witness who has given evidence for the other side, cross-examination]
of Sheriff Tate?
All of her injuries were on the right side and there was no doctor called. Mayella started screaming when Bob Ewell arrived. They washed her up with a bucket of water. Atticus shows a little bit of patience and a calm sense when he's questioning the witnesses. He wants to get across to the jury the education of the Ewells and show that theyre not the best people to be dealing with
2. What do we learn indirectly of the home life of the Ewell family in this chapter?
They are not a very educated family. Bob and Mayella are the one onlys who can read and write. Mayella has never been shown courtesy before, so when Atticus calls her "ma'am," or "Miss Mayella," she thinks it's mockery. The Ewells have seven children, so it seems that Mayella might have to care for the little ones and act as a parenting figure when she shouldnt have to. Bob Ewell is a drunk and it effects the family alot.
3. What do you learn from Bob Ewell's evidence?
That Mr Ewell stuck to whatever Mr.Heck Tate said, and at the start of the trial he didnt have a mind of his own. Then he starts cursing and disrespecting the court, viewers and the judge by using language that isnt permitted in a courtroom. We learn that Bob Ewell was out in the woods getting firewood when he heard Mayella screaming and went to the window to see Tom Robinson standing over her. Tom ran out the door passing Bob, then Bob ran in to see Mayella and ran to get the Sheriff without getting a doctor. We also learn that Bob can barely read and write and is left handed. Who ever hurt Mayella was left-handed becasue the bruises were all consistanly on her right side.
4. Why does Atticus ask Bob Ewell to write out his name? What does the jury see when he does this?
Atticus asks Bob Ewell to write out his name becasue he wanted the jury to see that Mr. Ewell is left handed, because a left handed person hurt Mayella. It also showed the jury whaat a "card" he was.
1. Is Mayella like her father or different from him? In what ways?
Mayella is like her father, she can read and write jsut as bad as Bob Ewell. She also talks as bad as her father, because of her lack of schooling. She also cuses and disrespects the jury, judge and Atticus like her father did and they both didnt care who they hurt. But Mayella was more fragile then Bob Ewell, shed cry though reported to be fake. She was con'ing all those folks, probally how her father had taught her.
2. What might be the reason for Mayella's crying in the court?
It could be 2 things. One she could be crying to cover up all her lies to make the court and jurt feel bad for her reinforcing that silly idea that whites are better than blacks. She could be crying to buy the jury and throw Atticus off his tracks and maybe try and get out of trial so she doesnt have to deal with it anymore. That the trial and the "lies" are getting to much for her to deal with anymore, so she doesnt know what else to do. Or two, she could actually be scared of Atticus and what he might do to her if he found out, or his approach to figure out Mayella. She could also he scared of Tom robinson if he did rape her (which i highly doubt).
3. How does Mayella react to Atticus's politeness? Is she used to people being polite?
When Atticus talks potitely to Mayella she takes it the wrong way. Because her father never taught her about curtiousy or becasue she never stayed in school she didnt understand that people can be nice to people without a purpose. Mayella thinks that Atticus is mocking her by adressing Mayella as ma'am or miss Mayella. She just simoply does not understand humans beyond what she experinces at home - which are of course complete trash... litterally.
4. How well does Mr. Gilmer prove Tom's guilt in the eyes of the reader (you) and in the eyes of the jury? Can you suggest why these might be different?
Mr. Gilmer isnt doing a very good job trying to pin the rape on Tom. After Atticus shows that Toms cripple and there was no way Tom could beat Mayella up with one hand. Mr Gillmer need new evidence that would nail Tom. Even so, Mr. Gilmer does have something up on the trial, hes defending a white person and Atticus a black. So no matter how innocent the defendant is, he'll still get blamed for the crime, simply becasue hes black. In the eyes of the jurt however would be alot different, because they dont like blacks much either. So regardless on how much they know the Ewells _which isnt very much at all given the Ewells long and disrepcting reputation- they will call in favour of the plantiff.
1. What made Tom visit the Ewell's house in the first place?
Mayella had asked Tom to help her bust up the chiffarobe. Tom Robinson did not charge her. On different occasions, she had asked Tom Robinson to help her around the house.
2. Why does Scout think that Mayella Ewell was “the loneliest person in the world”?
She is the loneliest person in the world because none of her siblings help her and she has nobody to hang out with. Also, the only person she wanted to hang out with was a black person, and that is frowned upon.
3. In your own words explain Mayella's relationship with her father.
When Mayella is asked about her father, and his actions, she says that he is tolerable except when he is drinking, he is a violent drinker. She is afraid of him but she's very lonely and does not care for what her father does to her. Mayella continues to lie about what Tom Robinson has done so then her father would not hurt her again.
4. How does Dill react to this part of the trial? Why is this, in your opinio
He cries because he does not like the way Mr. Gilmer questions Tom Robinson. He thinks that the way he is prosecuting him is unfair and disrespectful, and he wishes that everybody would prosecute the way Atticus did.
1. Scout says that “Mr. Dolphus Raymond was an evil man”. Is she right?
She's not right. Mr. Raymond cared for Dill and how he was feeling, and offered Dill some Coca-Cola to make him feel better.
2. In most states of the USA people who drink alcohol in public places are required to hide their bottle in a paper bag. Why does Dolphus Raymond hide Coca-Cola in a bag?
He wants everybody to think that he is the way he is because of alcohol, and not because he chooses this lifestyle.
3. What, according to Atticus, is the thing that Mayella has done wrong?
The thing that Mayella has done wrong, is that she had gone for Tom Robinson, and had kissed him.
Explain, in your own words, Atticus's views on people's being equal.
1. What does Jem expect the verdict to be? Does Atticus think the same?
Jem expects the verdict to be not-guilty because of all the prosecutions that have happened. He is convinced that Tom Robinson should not be punished. Atticus knows that he will be guilty because of the way society is, but feels that he shouldn't be guilty.
2. What is unusual about how long it takes the jury to reach a verdict? Is the verdict predictable or not?
The verdict is predictable because of society. Black people are looked down on and will be guilty even if they're not.
3. As Scout waits for the verdict, she thinks of earlier events. What are these and how do they remind us of the novel's central themes?
*Describe 5 examples of instances where the children in the novel demonstrate a higher level of insight than some adults simply because they are still children and their judgment has not been clouded by society and the prejudice of adulthood. To be collected in hard copy form Friday, April 30th.
1. Although Atticus did not want his children in court, he defends Jem's right to know what has happened. Explain, in your own words, Atticus's reasons for this. (Look at the speech beginning, “This is their home, sister”.
"We've made it this way for them, they might as well learn to cope with it...it's just as much Maycomb County as missionary teas." Since Jem's becoming older Atticus wants him to learn about the society they live in, and how they really treat people. He wants Jem to see that things arnt always as they seem, and that he shouldnt get his hopes up on something that cant change. Atticus is trying to teach Jem life lessons, that he believes will be useful to him in the future and maybe better understand people's lives. I believe Atticus wants him to be exposed to this to show him stuff that hes denied them at everyday life, but not wanting them to be taken to what other people say.
2. Miss Maudie tells Jem that “things are never as bad as they seem”. What reasons does she give for this view?
Miss Maudie is comforting Jem and telling him that everything is going to be alright, because after all he is a kid and he needs comforting. She also is refering to the people in Maycomb, and not everyone acts like Bob Ewell, who goes and spits on Atticus. She wants to get across to Jem that some people like her and Atticus believe in trying to change the ways of peoples thoughts towards the black community. She believes that the trial will change the outlook on Black ways. "We're making a step-it's just a baby-step, but still a step."
3. Why does Dill say that he will be a clown when he grows up? Do you think he would keep this ambition for long?
"There aint one thing in this world I can do about folks except laugh...I'm gonna stand in the middle of the ring and laugh at the folks...Every on of 'em oughta be ridin' broomsticks". He says this because he wants all the people to take a good long look at themselves. They should be embarassed in what theyve done to other people, and their behaviour is turing them into monsters, or "witches" and the evil is spreading because Dill is refering to a whole circus of them. Dill's view will change a little when he's older, but because he feels so strongly about this now will effect his outlooks on the blacks later in life. He will probally be like Atticus is now in this book - trying to help the blacks out instead of puting them down in the dirt like the other people. Dill willl learn what is nature of his kind, and how they are suppose to act, he'll probally take some into account and maybe act like he believes when people are watching.
4. This story is set in the 1930s but was published in 1960. Have attitudes to racism remained the same (in the USA and the UK) or have there been any changes (for the better or worse) since then, in your view?
Since the 30's weve made extreme progession with racism. We still have people from day-to-day that still believe that the white race is superiour, but the average samarition believes that we are all equal in the eyes of god, the court and all the people. We've made great strides, black singer, song writes, publishers, actors, models, tv spokespersons, THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES! People back in the day I bet you who laugh at the sound of a black being the president or maybe even offended, but it happened, and the world hasnt died, or come to an end! So we all must be equal!
5. Why does Bob Ewell feel so angry with Atticus? Do you think his threat is a real one, and how might he try to “get” Atticus?
Bob Ewell is extremley mad at Atticus becasue of the rape case and becasue he was defending Tom. Atticus also took away his "last strand of credibilty.. if he had any", and this was a serve blow to Mr Ewell. Atticus is glad and actually sort of relieved that Bob took it out on him. He thinks that maybe because he took it out on Atticus this time might save Mayella one less beating tonight as well as her brothers and sisters. Bob's threat might be real, he has the anger to do it, and he also doesnt have much to loose. But because he beats Mayella, it shows signs of cowardness, and the reason why he beats Mayella is becasue shes easy and noone would care if he did. Atticus on the other hand is too public, Mr Bob would never have a chance to hurt Atticus without having witnesses involved.
1. What do you think of Atticus's reaction to Bob Ewell's challenge? Should he have ignored Bob, retaliated or done something else?
I'm surprised that Atticus acted so calmy over it, but he had good reason, and a good fatherly presence. It takes a father to put children first instead of his own safety, and real courage. I think Atticus should have been a little more scared and prepared to defend himself on a short notice like his kids suggested. NOt doing so i think would be foolish regardless if Bob was going to or not.
2. What is “circumstantial evidence”? What has it got to do with Tom's conviction?
Circumstantial evidence is, evidence which may allow a judge or jury to deduce a certain fact from other facts which have been proven. If they had this type of evidence theres no way any jury, or judge would allow that man to be imprisoned regardless of his race and background. If they had this type of evidence not only could it set him free or get a lesser sentence but it would prove to the white community that not all black are bad like veryone says, that there people just like every other white in the world.
3. What does Atticus tell Scout about why the jury took so long to convict Tom?
He tells scout that its because it was a hard decison to make and that it would take a while to sort out what happened whose guilty and not
4. Why does Aunt Alexandra accept that the Cunninghams may be good but are not “our kind of folks”? Do you think that people should mix only with others of the same social class? Are class-divisions good or bad for societies?
She believes they could be nice, but playing with children that not not have the same background as you or reputation the same as your families, could result in being shunned from the community or the disgrace and lowered of status to the family name. It depends really on the situation. Mixed people taking about rich people stuff wouldnt be right. The Poorer people would feel even worse about themselves and out of place, theyd have nothing to talk about or anything in common with the rich people. And vise versa with the Rich. Class divisions can be good or bad depending on the event and people. Most situtations it is bad, regardless of the topic or situation, its jsut polite to not brag and talk within the same "playing field" as the other memebers of the convsersation or whatever the senerio.
5. At the end of this chapter, Jem forms a new theory about why Boo Radley has never left his house in years. What is this? How likely is it to be true, in your opinion?
Jem, understands now why Boo will ont come out of the House. He believes that Boo radley sinply never leaves his house because he wants to stay inside. Weither that being nothing to do outside, keeping away from the public or just has no reason to go outside. I think its true and a very wise observation by Jem. If Boo did want to come out of the house he would do so and more often. He's a grown man and by law he can do what he pleases and whenever he pleases. Besides he came outside once that we know of, becasue the of fire and the blanket over Scouts shoulders.
1. Do you think the missionary ladies are sincere in worrying about the “Mrunas” (a tribe in Africa)? Give reasons for your answer
The missionary ladies are not sincere in worrying about the Mrunas. The ladies and the town don't support or care about the black community, so why would they start caring about Black's across the globe, it'd make no sense! The ladies were mocking them more than anything, saying their culure and way of life is dirty and sort of trashy. But the fact of the matter is thats the only way they can live, they dont have anything else.
2. Compare the reactions of Miss Maudie and the other ladies when Scout says she is wearing her “britches” under her dress.
The ladies at the Finch household were laughing at Jean Louise, each because she didnt sound like she kne what they were, and that she embrassed her and Miss Maudie or the fact that Jean Louise is all dressed up and its almost a miracle that she looks like girl. Miss Maudie on the other hand wasnt too impressed with Scout. Scout might have embarassed Miss Maudie as well. "I hadn't meant to be funny to be funny, but the ladies laughed. My cheeks grew hot as I realizd my mistake, But Miss Maudie looked gravely down at me. She never laughed at me unless I meant to be funny".
3. What is your opinion of the Maycomb ladies, as depicted in this chapter?
I don't like the Maycomb ladies to much, and especially in this chapter. They seem mean, judgemental and critical. They seem to want everything their way, and if it isnt that way is simply wrong. They gather and gossip about each other, children, and especially the faults of men. The ladies always seen to be full of themselves. They put their best foot forward, and try to represent their families name to the best of their abilities...except miss maudie.
4. Explain briefly how Tom was killed. What is Atticus's explanation for Tom's attempted escape. Do you think agree with Atticus?
The guards fired a few shots into the air as Tom tried to run as fast as he could to escape to Hellen and his children. He jumped over the fence during the jails excerise time that they gave to prisoners to stretch their legs. The guards then shot Tom Robinson seventeen times. Atticus says that if he had two funtional arms and not just one crippled one, he would have made it over that fence and still be alive. Atticus also explains that he, "was tired of a white men's chances and preferred to take his own."
How, in this chapter, do we see Aunt Alexandra in a new light? How does Miss Maudie support her?
We see Aunt Alexandra compassionate for Atticus. She is normally against what Atticus does, how he raises his kids, but when Tom Robinson died, she felt really shocked and sorry. She didnt want to hurt Atticus anymore than he was right now, she didnt want to rub anything into his face and say stuff like i told you so. She showed simpithay, something that always looked like so had but never showed. "I can't say I approve of everything he does, Maudie, but he's my brother, and I just want o know when this will ever end...it tears him to pieces."
1. How does Maycomb react to the news of Tom's death?
For the first couple days the news spreads like wildfire over Maycomb its the new "hot topic" to gossip about. Maycomb talks about Tom's death, and how he tried to escape. After a couple days the trial and toms death settle down in past events and most people forget what happened to Tom, the trial and about Atticus as well. "maycomb was interested by the news of Tom's death for perhaps two days; two days was enough for the information to spread through the community".
2. Comment on the idea that Tom's death was “typical”?
"To Maycomb, Tom's death was typical. Typical of a nigger to cut and run. Typical of a nigger's mentalilty to have no plan, no thought for the futurem just ran blind first chance he saw. It's typcial for a black man to run away from the problem instead of facing the music. That they try to take the law into their own hand because they think they can do better or they can get themselves out of a tight spot without thinking it through clearly.
3. Explain the contrast Scout draws between the court where Tom was tried and “the secret courts of men's hearts”. In what way are hearts like courts?
"Senseless killing- Tom has been given due to process of the law to the day of his death; he had been tried openly and convicted by twelve good men...Atticus had used every tool avilable to free men to save Tom Robinson, but in the secert courts of men's heart's Atticus had no case". This simply means that when its up to white men they will always go with their hearts and race and convict infavour of their race. They will not abondon and go against one of their own because its jsut not like that community back when this story takes place.
4. Why did Jem not want Scout to tell Atticus about Bob Ewell's "
One down and about two more to go" comment
Was this a wise thing to ask her to do?
Jem did not want Scout to tell Atticus because first of all he doesnt want to frighten Atticus about Bob's threats. Because the one of the two left is probally meant for Atticus. That Bob Ewell got his way, so he'd get it again on Atticus. They also didnt want to tell Atticus becasue then he'd worry about Scout mental stage. If she was scared or frightened, or wanted to help her dad out. Because if Scout knew Atticus would have to explain to her that theres nothing to worry about, Bob's all talk and no go. Both would be extremely dangerous for the family.
1. In her lesson on Hitler, Miss Gates says that “we (American people) don't believe in persecuting anyone”. What seems odd to the reader about this claim?
They think it's wrong to persecute Jews and discriminate against them. The irony of this is that they do the exact same thing to blacks. They just seem to look the other way about it in America, but think its discusting in Germany.
2. Why is Scout puzzled by Miss Gates' disapproval of Hitler?
Scout is puzzled by Miss Gates because she doesn't care for the way blacks are treated, because of their religion. However, Hilter does the exact same thing to Jewish people and mrs Gates thinks its discuting. It doesnt make any sense!! Its like liking peanuts but hating peanut butter! its the same thing!! Both hating on different races is wrong because were all the same, its just to bad that Mrs. Gates and other people like her can't look at themselves in the mirror and hear themselves talking!.
3. Why does Scout's question upset Jem? Is there a simple answer, or any answer, to the question (“How can you hate Hitler an’ then turn around an be ugly about folks right at home?”
"Atticus said that Jem was trying hard to forget something, but what he was really doing was storing it away for awhile, until enough time passed. Then he would be able to think about it and sort things out. When he was able to think about it, Jem would be himself again." Jem still cant get over why they convicted Tom when he was inocent. He was still on edge about the case, but the Hilter thing jsut tipped him over the edge becasue the topic was vertually about the same thing.
1. What three things does Bob Ewell do that alarm Aunt Alexandra?
First thing was that Bob Ewell got a job then lost it. The welfare lady said that, "Mr. Ewell openly accused Atticus of getting his job". Second thing happened to Judge Taylor. He realized on a Sunday night that he heard a scratching noise by the screen door on the porch. "A shadow on the corner of the house caught his eye, and that was all he saw of his vistor. Mrs. Taylor came home from church to find her husband in his chair... with a shot gun across his lap". Third happened to Hellen. Hellen was getting veribally and phyically abused by bob Ewell. And mr Deas took care of the "trash" that was bothering helen.
2. Why, according to Atticus, does Bob Ewell bear a grudge? Which people does Ewell see as his enemies, and why?
"It might be because he knows in his heart that very few people in Maycomb really believed his and Mayella's yarns. He thought he'd be a hero, but all he got for his pain...was okay, we'll convict this negro but get back to your dump". Bob Ewell see's everyone who didnt bielieve him and all the people involved with the case his enemies.
3. What was the purpose of the Halloween pageant? What practical joke had persuaded the grown ups to have an organized event?
They wanted to show diviersity of agricultural products from their area. It was also to get the kids of the streets so they stopped vandializing other peoples propeteries. Scout had to dress up like a pig and respond to "pork!" The prank that was that when the two deaf ladies went to sleep a bunch of kids snuck into their house and took all their funiture and put it all in the cellar of the sisters house.
1. Comment on the way this chapter reminds the reader of earlier events in the novel.
At the start of the novel Scout foreshadowing what was going to happen to Jem. The first line read, " When he was nearly thriteen, my brother Jem got his arm badly broken at the elbow". In this chapter Jem got his arm badly broken by Bob Ewell. We learn that Bob Ewell did get his revenge but not on Atticus, but on Jem and Scout becasue Bob was too cowardly to face Atticus. Also it reminds us of earlier events that happened with the children and Boo. Theyre acting tonight the same way they were at a younger age -- being afraid of Boo and "spirits".
2. Why does Jem say that Boo Radley must not be at home? What is ironic about this? (Is it true? Does he really mean it? Why might it be important for him and Scout that Boo should not be at home?)
Jem said to Scout, "boo must not be home, listen", "High above us in the darkness a solitary mocker poured out his repertoire in blissful unawareness of whose tree he sat in, plunging from the shrill kee, kee of the sunflower bird to the irascible qua-ack of a bluejay, to the sad lament of poor will..." in other words the lights werent on at the Radley house. The lights are always on at the Radley place because someone is always home, and Boo never leaves. Its important that Boo wasnt there because it was Halloween night and thats when all the scary things happen outside, as well its pitch black outside so they cant see if Boo snuck up on them.
3. Scout decides to keep her costume on while walking home. How does this affect her understanding of what happens on the way?
Scout decides to keep her costume on because she's cold and that way they dont have to carry it all the way back. Because of Scouts decision to keep her costume it now affects her hearing, her sight, her balance and how she walks as well, she cant fight back when she has it on. Therefore it sets the whole scene up for disaster, especially now that Jem was the only one that could defend themselves properly.
4. Why had Atticus not brought a chair for the man in the corner? Who might this stranger be?
"I wondered why Atticus had not brought a chair for the man in the corner, but Atticus knew the ways of country people far better than I... This one was probally more comfortable where he was". Atticus had not brought a chair for the man in the corner becasue he was more comfortable where he was... unseen and not public. Atticus already knew who the stranger was so he knew what he liked and what he didnt. Scout thought the stranger was a country man, someone like one of Atticus's clients.
1. What causes the “shiny clean line” on the otherwise “dull wire” of Scout's costume?
On Scout's shiny ham costume Mr Heck Tate pointed out that there was " a shiney clean line stood out on the dull wire, and said 'Bob Ewell meant business' ". The lines were caused by a ktichen knife that Bob Ewell tried to kill her with. Mr Heck Tate said "Bob Ewell meant business", and he did. He almost killed Atticus's kids and got himself killed in the process.
2. What explanation does Atticus give for Bob Ewell's attack?
Atticus thinks that Bob Ewell is mentally unstable, he thinks thats why he went after his kids - no one in the right mind would go after children. "He was out of his mind...I cant conviece of a man who'd..." After the trial and how Atticus killed his creditablity it isnt surprising that Bob Ewell was crazy. Or Mr. Ewell could have been mentally unstable before this all happened, maybe thats why he lived the way he does and treats the kids how he does.
3. What does Heck Tate give as the reason for the attack?
"Dont like to contradict you, Mr Finch - wasnt crazy, mean as hell. Low-down skunk with enough liquor in him to make him brave enough to kill children. He'd never have met you face to face...there's jsut some kind of men you have to shoot before you can say hidy to 'em. Ewell 'as one of 'em". Mr Heck tate jsut simply says that Ewell is a drunk and will do anything while he's drinking, but he's too much of a coward to face anybody and do anything.
4. Do you think the sheriff's explanation or Atticus's is the more likely to be true?
I think the sheriff theory was more correct. Bob is a consistance drunk and reacts very violently when under the influence of it, like when he attacked Mayella. Atticus theory could be close but, if you were crazy you wouldnt be albe to follow children in the dark. Also if he was crazy he wouldnt have thought about getting another knife to kill the children after Mr. Tate confiscated his pocket knife.
1. Who does Atticus think caused Bob Ewell's death?
Atticus think Jem caused Bob Ewell's death, becasue when Scout was telling the adults what happened, she said that Jem pulled Bob off of her.Becuase of this Atticus thinks that Jem killed Bob in self defence. "You heard what Scout said, there's no doubt about it. She said Jem got up and yanked him off her- he probably got hold of Ewell's knife somehow in the dark".
2. Why does Heck Tate insist that Bob Ewell's death was self-inflicted? In what way is this partly true?
He insists that Bob's death was his fault because Jem must have broken his arm before Bob died. He would not have the strength to get back up and stab him. He would be in too much pain.It's partly true because when does a 12-year old boy ever kill an adult and he would not have had the strength to if his arm was broken.
3. Is Heck Tate right to spare Boo then publicity of an inquest? Give reasons for your answer.
I think that Mr. Tate was correct by leaving Boo alone and spare him from publicity. Boo would have been feeling awful about killing Bob Ewell and flash, and may have been a rattled and upset at himself.
4. How does the writer handle the appearance, at the end of the story, of Boo Radley?
She handles the appearance of Boo as a shaky, pale man who has not spoken for a really long time. She definitely would get the reader to think that Boo has not been outside in a long time.
1. How do the events of the final chapters explain the first sentence in the whole novel?
The novel begins with Scout mentioning that Jem had broken his arm, and the events at the end led up to him breaking his arm.
2. Comment on the way the writer summarizes earlier events to show their significance.
Harper Lee makes Scout stand on the Radley porch, almost listening to Atticus's advice about getting into somebody elses skin.
3. How does Scout make sense of an earlier remark of Atticus's as she stands on the Radley porch?
Atticus tells her earlier in the novel, that she should learn how to walk around in other peoples shoes. She does that with Boo and sees the things he did in his view.
4. How much of a surprise is it fo find what Boo Radley is really like? Has the story before this point prepared the reader for this discovery?
I did not think it was that shocking. He seemed nervous being in somebody elses house. As mentioned, he was pale, sweaty, and seemed like he has not spoken in a long time. And I think it has prepared the reader for this discovery. Harper Lee had written that he never comes outside, and the reader would get the impression that he's scared of leaving his house.
5. At the end of the novel, Atticus reads to Scout. Comment on his choice of story. Does it have any connection with themes earlier in the novel and in its ending?
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