Hyperbole - An overstatement or exaggeration. Example: There were millions of people at the concert.
Alliteration - The repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words. Example: Crazy cow crushes cats.
Rhythm & Rhyme - Rhyme: a pattern of words that contain similar sounds. Example: bat, cat, mat, sat
Rhythm: "movement with uniform recurrence of a beat or accent."
Metaphor - A comparison not using 'like' or 'as,' and using the verb 'to be.' Example: Juliet is the sun.
Analogy - The comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship. Example: Glove is to hand as paint is to wall
Repetition - When words or lines have been repeated to show importance. Example: "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" by Robert Frost. "And miles to go before I sleep, and miles to go before I sleep."
Personification - To give human like qualities to objects or animals. Example: The camera loves me.
Satire - Literary tone used to make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting the subject of the satiric attack. Example: "The the Impotence of Proofreading" by Taylor Mali.
Onomatopoeia - A word that imitates the sound it represents. Example: Kaboom! Splash!
Oxymoron - Putting two contradictory words together. Example: Alone together, Giant shrimp.
Malapropism - Malapropism is the incorrect use of a word by substituting a similar-sounding word with different meaning, usually with comic effect. Example: "The police are not here to create disorder, they're here to preserve disorder."
Euphemism - The substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit. Example: substituting in "passed away" for "died."
Allusion - A brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art. Example: An episode of Family Guy has a scene where they talk about commercials being made by M. Night Shyamalan. They refer to The Sixth Sense and show a child speaking to somebody else slowly, with suspense, saying, "I see..."
Allegory - "A form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings that lie outside of the narrative itself." Example: "I found the Ekphrasis poetry very useful in teaching allegory."